With an approximate population of 4.5 million in the Sydney metropolitan area the city is the largest municipality in Oceania.Inhabitants of Sydney are called Sydneysiders, comprising a cosmopolitan and international population of people from many places around the world.The metropolitan area and CBD is surrounded by the Royal National Park, Bondi Beach and the Royal Botanic Gardens.Did you know: The total area of the natural harbour is 55 km²!Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds the world's largest natural harbour and sprawls about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north and Macarthur to the south.Lieutenant James Cook first landed at Kurnell in 1770, when navigating his way up the east coast of Australia on his ship, HMS Endeavour.Here are the things to do in your life: Watch the fireworks displays for New Year`s Eve on the Sydney Harbour Bridge. We help you to experience it all with our earth TV HD webcams!
Since convict transportation ended in the mid-19th century, the city has transformed from a colonial outpost into a major global cultural and economic centre.
However, numerous Aboriginal stone tools were found in Western Sydney's gravel sediments that were dated from 45,000 to 50,000 years BP, which would indicate that there was human settlement in Sydney earlier than thought.
Cook was on a mission of exploration and was not commissioned to start a settlement.
Inhabitants of Sydney are called Sydneysiders, including a cosmopolitan and international population.
Sidney was the first British colony in Australia and it was established in 1788 by Arthur Phillip.